Women's Preferences for Minimally Invasive Incisions

Amanda J. Bush, Stephanie N. Morris, Frederick H. Millham, Keith B. Isaacson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Study Objective: To determine whether traditional, robotic, or single-site laparoscopic incisions are more appealing to women. Design: Descriptive study using a survey (Canadian Task Force classification III). Setting: Single-specialty referral-based gynecology practice. Patients: All patients older than 18 years who came for care to the Newton-Wellesley Hospital Minimally Invasive Gynecological Surgery Center from April 2, 2010, to June 30, 2010. Interventions: Three identical photos of an unscarred female abdomen were each marked with a black pen to indicate typical incision lengths and locations for robotic, single-site, and traditional laparoscopic surgery. Subjects were then asked to rank these incisions in order of preference. Additional demographic and surgical history questions were included in the survey. Measurements and Main Results: Two-hundred fifty of 427 patients (58.5%) returned surveys, and of these, 241 completed critical survey elements. Preference for traditional laparoscopic incisions was 56.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 50.1%-62.7%), for a single incision was 41.1% (95% CI, 34.8%-47.3%), and for robotic surgery was 2.5% (95% CI, 0.5%-4.5%). Two-sample test of proportion (Z test) showed the difference in preference for traditional over the other methods to be significant: p = .007 for a single incision and p <.001 for robotic surgery. Multivariatble analysis for factors influencing choice of single-site incision demonstrated that Latina/Hispanic ethnicity was the only significant factor (p = .02). Conclusion: Women prefer both single-site and traditional laparoscopic incisions over robotic procedures. Inasmuch as aesthetics are an important consideration for many women and clinical outcomes are similar, during the informed-consent procedure, location and length of incisions should be included in the discussion of risks, benefits, and alternatives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)640-643
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Adult
  • Aesthetics
  • Choice behavior
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incisions
  • Laparoscopy
  • Middle aged
  • Robotics
  • Single-site surgery
  • Surgical procedures, Minimally invasive
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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