Vocational reentry following TBI: An enablement model

Karen Kowalske, Patrick M. Plenger, Beth Lusby, Mary Ellen Hayden

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Objective: To illustrate the importance of environmental factors for optimizing return to work following traumatic brain injury (TBI) using illustrative case examples. Design and Participants: Three case studies are presented that were selected from an overall sample of 57 TBI survivors. Setting: Postacute, outpatient TBI rehabilitation program. Main Outcome Measures: Outcome was essentially descriptive and focused on factors associated with successful return to work. Results and Conclusions: These case examples point out the necessity of specialized treatment that not only focuses on the specific strengths and weakness of the individual, but also on extant environmental factors, including degree of structure or distractions that either reinforce or preclude optimal performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)989-999
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000


  • Ecological validity
  • Employment
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Vocational reentry following TBI: An enablement model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this