Visceral ischemia-reperfusion injury promotes tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) dependent organ injury in the mouse

M. Burress Welborn, Wade G. Douglas, Zaher Abouhamze, Troy Auffenburg, Amer S. Abouhamze, Julie Baumhofer, James M. Seeger, Jeffrey H. Pruitt, Paul D. Edwards, Richard Chizzonite, David Martin, Lyle L. Moldawer, Timothy R S Harward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


Acute visceral ischemia and subsequent reperfusion injury, which accompanies the surgical repair of a thoracoabdominal aorta aneurysm, is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether endogenous tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) production contributes to organ dysfunction in animals subjected to viscera! ischemia secondary to 30 min of supraceliac aortic occlusion. C57BL6/j mice were treated with either a TNF binding protein (TNF-bp-10 mg/kg) or an anti-IL-1 receptor type 1 antibody (150 μg) 2 h prior to 30 min of supraceliac aortic occlusion. An additional group of mice received 30 min of infrarenal aortic occlusion to determine the contribution of lower torso ischemia-reperfusion injury to the changes seen following supraceliac aortic occlusion. Visceral organ ischemia for 30 min produced by supraceliac aortic occlusion followed by 2 h of reperfusion produced measurable TNF-α in 38% of untreated mice, but TNF-α was undetectable in both sham-operated mice and following infrarenal aortic occlusion. After 2 h of reperfusion, lung myeloperoxidase levels were significantly elevated in the mice experiencing visceral ischemia-reperfusion compared with either a sham operation or infrarenal ischemia-reperfusion (11.6 ± 1.3 U/g vs. 3.4 ±.2 U/g and 3.7 ± 1.0 U/g, respectively, p < .05). Pretreatment with TNF-bp and anti-IL-1 antibody decreased lung neutrophil recruitment (7.2 ± 1.2 U/g and 4.6 ± 1.1 U/g) and capillary membrane permeability changes in mice following visceral ischemia-reperfusion. The present study demonstrates that brief (30 min) clinically relevant visceral ischemia produces TNF-α and IL-1 dependent lung injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-176
Number of pages6
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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