Virtual and Augmented Reality Technologies in Molecular and Anatomical Imaging

Suman B. Mondal, Samuel Achilefu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


Molecular imaging (MI) plays a critical role in many aspects of the patient care continuum in modern medicine. With increasingly high-resolution systems, multimodal imaging platforms, and large datasets generated by modern MI methods, it has become imperative to develop new approaches to store, process, and visualize information. Adaptation of virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) to MI is an emerging trend for visualizing MI information in an intuitive format that can accommodate the growing complexity and volume of multimodal molecular information. This chapter reviews VR and AR technologies currently used to visualize medical images. It begins with a brief overview of VR and AR technologies, followed by a description of available hardware and image visualization approaches for these platforms. The chapter further describes the clinical applications of VR and AR in medical imaging and highlights existing challenges for wider adoption of these technologies before concluding with anticipated future directions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMolecular Imaging
Subtitle of host publicationPrinciples and Practice
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9780128163863
ISBN (Print)9780128163870
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • 3D medical image visualization
  • Display technologies
  • Image processing
  • Simulation and training
  • Surgical planning and guidance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)


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