Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: New Definitions

M. Chance Spalding, Michael W Cripps, Christian T Minshall

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


The National Healthcare Safety Network's new classification characterizes all adverse ventilator-associated events (VAE) into a tiered system designed to shift the focus away from ventilator-associated pneumonia as the only important cause or morbidity in ventilated patients. This new surveillance definition of VAE eliminates subjectivity by using clearly defined criteria and facilitates the automated collection of data. This allows for easier comparison and analysis of factors affecting rates of VAE. Numerous studies have been published that demonstrate its clinical application. This article presents the VAE criteria, contrasts the difference from the previous ventilator-associated pneumonia definition, and discusses its implementation over the past 5 years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-292
Number of pages16
JournalCritical Care Clinics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017


  • Critical care
  • Nosocomial infection
  • Sepsis
  • Ventilator-associated pneumonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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