OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this multicenter study was to confirm the validity and reliability of the Pediatric Cardiac Quality of Life Inventory (PCQLI). METHODS: Seven centers recruited pediatric patients (8-18 years of age) with heart disease (HD) and their parents to complete the PCQLI and generic health-related quality of life (Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory [PedsQL]) and non-quality of life (Self-Perception Profile for Children [SPPC]/Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents [SPPA] and Youth Self-Report [YSR]/Child Behavior Checklist [CBCL]) tools. PCQLI construct validity was assessed through correlations of PCQLI scores between patients and parents and with severity of congenital HD, medical care utilization, and PedsQL, SPPC/SPPA, and YSR/CBCL scores. PCQLI test-retest reliability was evaluated. RESULTS: The study enrolled 1605 patient-parent pairs. Construct validity was substantiated by the association of lower PCQLI scores with Fontan palliation and increased numbers of cardiac operations, hospital admissions, and physician visits (P < .001); moderate to good correlations between patient and parent PCQLI scores (r = 0.41-0.61; P < .001); and fair to good correlations between PCQLI total scores and PedsQL total (r = 0.70-0.76), SPPC/SPPA global self-worth (r = 0.43-0.46), YSR/CBCL total competency (r = 0.28-0.37), and syndrome and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition oriented scale (r = -0.58 to -0.30; P < .001) scores. Test-retest reliability correlations were excellent (r = 0.78-0.90; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: PCQLI scores are valid and reliable for children and adolescents with congenital and acquired HD and may be useful for future research and clinical management.
- Acquired heart disease
- Congenital heart disease
- Health-related quality of life
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health