Update on prostate-specific antigen testing for the early detection of prostate cancer

John D. Terrell, Claus Roehrborn, Frank H. Wians, Pierre I. Karakiewicz, Shahrokh F. Shariat

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The introduction of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) has revolutionized the detection and management of men with prostate cancer (PCa). This review discusses the clinically useful risk factors associated with the development of PCa and the salient features of PSA. It will help to highlight the abilities and limitations of PSA with respect to the diagnosis and management of PCa. Emphasis will be placed on the factors affecting serum total PSA (tPSA) levels, the optimal cutoff values, the use of calculated parameters such as PSA density, PSA transition zone density, PSA velocity, age- and race-specific PSA ranges, and the various molecular forms. There is an imminent need for novel biomarkers that can improve specificity for PCa, allow accurate classification of clinically insignificant PCa, allow for detection of clinically significant PCa in patients without elevated serum PSA, and allow for the identification of aggressive forms of PCa, which may warrant adjunctive or even molecularly targeted therapy in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)613-621
Number of pages9
JournalLaboratory medicine
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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