Ubiquitin turnover and endocytic trafficking in yeast are regulated by ser57 phosphorylation of ubiquitin

Sora Lee, Jessica M. Tumolo, Aaron C. Ehlinger, Kristin K. Jernigan, Susan J. Qualls-Histed, Pi Chiang Hsu, W. Hayes McDonald, Walter J. Chazin, Jason A. MacGurn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Despite its central role in protein degradation little is known about the molecular mechanisms that sense, maintain, and regulate steady state concentration of ubiquitin in the cell. Here, we describe a novel mechanism for regulation of ubiquitin homeostasis that is mediated by phosphorylation of ubiquitin at the Ser57 position. We find that loss of Ppz phosphatase activity leads to defects in ubiquitin homeostasis that are at least partially attributable to elevated levels of Ser57 phosphorylated ubiquitin. Phosphomimetic mutation at the Ser57 position of ubiquitin conferred increased rates of endocytic trafficking and ubiquitin turnover. These phenotypes are associated with bypass of recognition by endosome-localized deubiquitylases - including Doa4 which is critical for regulation of ubiquitin recycling. Thus, ubiquitin homeostasis is significantly impacted by the rate of ubiquitin flux through the endocytic pathway and by signaling pathways that converge on ubiquitin itself to determine whether it is recycled or degraded in the vacuole.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere29176
StatePublished - Nov 13 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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