Timing of return from altitude training for optimal sea level performance

Robert F. Chapman, Abigail S Laymon Stickford, Carsten Lundby, Benjamin D. Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


While a number of published studies exist to guide endurance athletes with the best practices regarding implementation of altitude training, a key unanswered question concerns the proper timing of return to sea level prior to major competitions. Evidence reviewed here suggests that, altogether, the deacclimatization responses of hema-tological, ventilatory, and biomechanical factors with return to sea level likely interact to determine the best timing for competitive performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)837-843
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1 2014


  • Endurance athletes
  • Hematological acclimatization
  • Live high-train low
  • Neocytolysis
  • Oxygen cost of breathing
  • Ventilatory acclimatization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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