Three Words - Three Shapes: A clinical test of memory

Sandra Weintraub, G. M. Peavy, M. O'Connor, N. A. Johnson, D. Acar, J. Sweeney, I. Janssen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Three Words - Three Shapes was designed as an easy 'bedside' test for elderly patients that assesses verbal and nonverbal memory within the same modality. In the present study, it was administered to patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (PRAD), a control group of non-demented older subjects (NC) and a group of patients with Korsakoff's amnesia (KA). Incidental recall and several other measures of learning, retention and recognition differentiated control from PRAD and KA subjects. PRAD and KA subjects' performance was similar, but there were some material-specific interactions. This test is relatively easy and some of the derived measures could prove useful in staging amnesia progression beyond the earliest stages of PRAD when more difficult tests yield floor effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)267-278
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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