Three-dimensional spiral CT during arterial portography: comparison of three rendering techniques.

D. G. Heath, P. A. Soyer, B. S. Kuszyk, D. F. Bliss, P. S. Calhoun, D. A. Bluemke, M. A. Choti, E. K. Fishman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


The three most common techniques for three-dimensional reconstruction are surface rendering, maximum-intensity projection (MIP), and volume rendering. Surface-rendering algorithms model objects as collections of geometric primitives that are displayed with surface shading. The MIP algorithm renders an image by selecting the voxel with the maximum intensity signal along a line extended from the viewer's eye through the data volume. Volume-rendering algorithms sum the weighted contributions of all voxels along the line. Each technique has advantages and shortcomings that must be considered during selection of one for a specific clinical problem and during interpretation of the resulting images. With surface rendering, sharp-edged, clear three-dimensional reconstruction can be completed on modest computer systems; however, overlapping structures cannot be visualized and artifacts are a problem. MIP is computationally a fast technique, but it does not allow depiction of overlapping structures, and its images are three-dimensionally ambiguous unless depth cues are provided. Both surface rendering and MIP use less than 10% of the image data. In contrast, volume rendering uses nearly all of the data, allows demonstration of overlapping structures, and engenders few artifacts, but it requires substantially more computer power than the other techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1001-1011
Number of pages11
JournalRadiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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