The Usefulness of Chest X-Rays for T1a Renal Cell Carcinoma Surveillance

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15 Scopus citations


Purpose The overall incidence of pulmonary metastasis of T1 renal cell carcinoma is low. We evaluated the usefulness of chest x-rays based on the current AUA (American Urological Association) guidelines and NCCN Guidelines® for T1a renal cell carcinoma surveillance. Materials and Methods Between 2006 and 2012, 258 patients with T1a renal cell carcinoma were treated with partial nephrectomy, radical nephrectomy or radio frequency ablation with surveillance followup at our institution. A retrospective chart review was performed to identify demographics, pathological findings and surveillance records. The primary outcome was the incidence of asymptomatic pulmonary recurrences diagnosed by chest x-ray in cases of T1a disease. Our secondary outcome was a comparison of diagnoses by treatment modality (partial nephrectomy, radical nephrectomy or radio frequency ablation). Results Pulmonary metastases developed in 3 of 258 patients (1.2%) but only 1 (0.4%) was diagnosed by standard chest x-ray surveillance. Median followup in the entire cohort was 36 months (range 6 to 152) and 193 of 258 patients (75%) had greater than 24 months of followup. A mean of 3.3 surveillance chest x-rays were completed per patient. When assessed by treatment type, there was no significant difference in the recurrence rate for partial nephrectomy (0 of 191 cases), radical nephrectomy (0 of 22) or radio frequency ablation (1 of 45 or 2.2%) (p = 0.09). Conclusions Chest x-rays are a low yield diagnostic tool for detecting pulmonary metastasis in patients treated for T1a renal cel carcinoma. Treatment mode does not appear to influence the need for chest x-ray surveillance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-326
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016


  • carcinoma, renal cell
  • kidney neoplasms
  • lung neoplasms
  • mass chest x-ray
  • neoplasm metastasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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