Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious and highly prevalent disease, yet only supportive treatment is available. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) is a cofactor necessary for adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production and cell survival. Changes in renal NAD+ biosynthesis and energy utilization are features of AKI. Targeting NAD+ as an AKI therapy shows promising potential. However, the pursuit of NAD+-based treatments requires deeper understanding of the unique drivers and effects of the NAD+ biosynthesis derangements that arise in AKI. This article summarizes the NAD+ biosynthesis alterations in the kidney in AKI, chronic disease, and aging. To enhance this understanding, we explore instances of NAD+ biosynthesis alterations outside the kidney in inflammation, pregnancy, and cancer. In doing so, we seek to highlight that the different NAD+ biosynthesis pathways are not interconvertible and propose that the way in which NAD+ is synthesized may be just as important as the NAD+ produced.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Seminars in nephrology|
|State||Published - May 2022|
- NAD+ biosynthesis
ASJC Scopus subject areas