The Sac3 TPR-like region in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae TREX-2 complex is more extensive but independent of the CID region

Shintaro Aibara, Xiao Chen Bai, Murray Stewart

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3 Scopus citations


Transcription-export complex 2 (TREX-2 complex) facilitates the localization of actively transcribing genes to the nuclear periphery and also functions to contribute to the generation of export-competent mRNPs through interactions with the general mRNA nuclear export factor Mex67:Mtr2. The TREX-2 complex is based on a Sac3 scaffold to which Thp1, Sem1, Cdc31, and Sus1 bind. TREX-2 can be subdivided into two modules: one, in which Thp1 and Sem1 bind to the Sac3M region (residues ∼100–551), and the other in which Cdc31 and two Sus1 chains bind to the Sac3CID region (residues ∼710–805). Complementary structural analyses using X-ray crystallography, electron microscopy, and small-angle X-ray scattering of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae TREX-2 complex, expressed using Baculovirus-infected Sf9 cells, have indicated that the TPR-like repeats of the Sac3M region extend considerably further towards the N-terminus than previously thought, and also indicate that this region and Sac3CID:Sus1:Cdc31 region of the S. cerevisiae complex are structurally independent. Although the density visible accounted for only ∼100 kDa, a 5.3 Å resolution cryo-EM reconstruction was obtained of the M-region of TREX-2 that showed an additional three putative α-helices extending towards the Sac3 N-terminus and these helices were also seen in a 4.9 Å resolution structure obtained by X-ray crystallography. Summary statement We describe the expression, purification and structural characterization of the S. cerevisiae TREX-2 complex and demonstrate that the Sac3 TPR-like repeats are more extensive than previously thought and that the M- and CID-regions do not appear to have a defined spatial orientation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)316-324
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Structural Biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016


  • Cryo-EM
  • Crystallography
  • TREX-2 complex
  • mRNA nuclear export

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology


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