The receptor for advanced glycation end products activates the AIM2 inflammasome in acute pancreatitis

Rui Kang, Ruochan Chen, Min Xie, Lizhi Cao, Michael T. Lotze, Daolin Tang, Herbert J. Zeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Severe acute pancreatitis (AP) is responsible for significant human morbidity and mortality worldwide. Currently, no specific treatments for AP exist, primarily due to the lack of a mechanistic understanding of sterile inflammation and the resultant multisystem organ dysfunction, the pathologic response of AP linked to early death. In this study, we demonstrate that the class III major histocompatibility region III receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) contributes to AP by modulating inflammasome activation in macrophages. RAGE mediated nucleosome-induced absent in melanoma 2 (but not NLRP3) inflammasome activation by modulating dsRNA-dependent protein kinase phosphorylation in macrophages. Pharmacological and genetic inhibition of the RAGE-dsRNA-dependent protein kinase pathway attenuated the release of inflammasome-dependent exosomal leaderless cytokines (e.g., IL-1β and high-mobility group box 1) in vitro. RAGE or absent in melanoma 2 depletion in mice limited tissue injury, reduced systemic inflammation, and protected against AP induced by L-arginine or cerulein in experimental animal models. These findings define a novel role for RAGE in the propagation of the innate immune response with activation of the nucleosomemediated inflammasome and will help guide future development of therapeutic strategies to treat AP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4331-4337
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 15 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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