The preservation of urine samples for determination of renal stone risk factors

M. J. Nicar, M. C. Hsu, T. Johnson, C. Y C Pak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


A preservation technique for urine specimens before determination of stone risk factors was evaluated. The purpose of these experiments was to prove the effectiveness of the preservatives used to prevent changes in the concentrations of those constituents measured. Measured concentrations in fresh specimens were compared with those in the same specimens after storage with the preservatives. Refrigeration at 4°C up to five days was appropriate in a laboratory setting, as no significant changes in urinary concentrations occurred. Refrigeration, however, did not offer a convenient method for shipping. Chemical preservation was found to be an effective alternative to refrigeration. Thymol prevented changes in concentration of pH, citrate, uric acid, sulfate, sodium, potassium, and cyclic AMP, while a mixture of hydrochloric (HCl) acid and boric acid prevented changes in calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, oxalate, ammonium, and creatinine. Thus, the addition of thymol or HCl/boric acid to urine specimens will prevent significant changes in the concentrations of stone risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)382-384
Number of pages3
JournalLaboratory Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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