The mechanism of action of glatiramer acetate treatment in multiple sclerosis

Michael K. Racke, Amy E. Lovett-Racke, Nitin J. Karandikar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations


Objective: Glatiramer acetate (formerly known as copolymer 1) is the major noninterferon immunomodulatory agent used in the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Its mechanism of action over the past 40 years has evolved with our understanding of the immune response. Methods: We review the various mechanisms that have been proposed for this random polymer over the years, with emphasis on recent methods that utilize modern immunologic techniques. Results: Studies describing processes such as immune deviation and effects on regulatory T cells and antigen-presenting cells are presented. Conclusions: Effects of glatiramer acetate on the immune response have evolved as our technical abilities and knowledge of the immune response itself have developed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S25-S30
Issue number1 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Jan 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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