The low-density-lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) is a multifunctional receptor involved in the clearance of a large number of diverse ligands, including proteases, protease-inhibitor complexes and lipoproteins. The mature receptor is composed of a 515 kDa and a 85 kDa subunit generated by proteolytic cleavage from a 600 kDa precursor polypeptide in a trans-Golgi compartment. Proteolytic processing occurs C-terminal to the tetrabasic amino acid sequence RHRR, a consensus recognition site for precursor processing endoproteases or convertases. In this study we have identified furin, a subtilisin-type protease, to be necessary for efficient processing of LRP in cells. Furin-deficient RPE.40 cells exhibited an impaired processing of endogenous LRP and of a recombinant soluble form of the receptor containing the processing site. The processing defect in RPE.40 cells could be complemented by expression of furin from a transfected cDNA in cultured cells and by purified furin in vitro. The impaired maturation of LRP in RPE.40 cells did not affect its intracellular transport, and correlated with a slight but consistent reduction in the endocytosis of LRP-specific ligands. These data suggest that proteolytic processing of LRP by furin is not necessary for intracellular trafficking but might be required for normal receptor activity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology