The integrative developmental model of supervision

Cal D. Stoltenberg, Kenneth C. Bailey, Craigery B. Cruzan, Jonathan T. Hart, Uchechi Ukuku

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

20 Scopus citations


The integrative developmental model of supervision (IDM) has been in development for over 30 years, integrating work in supervision with relevant perspectives from cognitive and emotion processing, schema theory, development of expertise, social psychology, and motivation. The IDM describes counselor development as movement over time, experience, and training through three levels (levels 1-3) with a final integrated level (3i). This chapter begins with a broad review of work in other relevant areas of theory and research, including international studies. It then moves on to a more detailed discussion incorporating this material into an understanding of the supervision process according to the IDM. Supervision, and other domains of professional practice, will benefit from considering and integrating theory and research from broad areas of human learning and interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Wiley International Handbook of Clinical Supervision
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9781118846360
ISBN (Print)9781119943327
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Clinical supervision
  • Cognitive processes
  • Integrative developmental model (IDM)
  • Motivation
  • Professional development
  • Schema development
  • Skill acquistion
  • Social psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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