The inflammatory response to ischemic acute kidney injury: A result of the 'right stuff' in the 'wrong place'?

Christopher Y. Lu, John Hartono, Martin Senitko, Jianlin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ischemic acute kidney injury may be exacerbated by an inflammatory response. How injury elicits inflammation remains a major question in understanding acute kidney injury. The present review examines the hypothesis that molecules released by injured cells elicit inflammation. RECENT FINDINGS: After necrotic death, intracellular molecules find their way into the extracellular space. These molecules include heat shock proteins and HMGB1. Receptors for these proteins include TLR4, TLR2, CD91 and RAGE. These proinflammatory mechanisms may be so useful that nature has evolved mechanisms for programming necrotic death via poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and cyclophilin D. In addition, apoptosis may also elicit inflammation. SUMMARY: The concepts discussed in this review are important for clinical medicine. Drugs and genetic manipulation may ameliorate ischemic kidney injury by regulating the inflammatory response to cell injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-89
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent opinion in nephrology and hypertension
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2007


  • Acute kidney injury
  • Apoptosis
  • Innate immunity
  • Ischemia reperfusion injury
  • Necrosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Nephrology


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