The effect of bedside assistant technical performance on outcomes in robotic surgery

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Technical performance in surgery has been associated with patient outcomes. Robotic surgery is unique in that both a console surgeon and bedside surgeon are required. A systematic review according to PRISMA guidelines identified all pertinent literature regarding skill level of the bedside assistant with regards to patient outcomes in robotic surgery. 10 studies met inclusion criteria. In all studies, the skill level of the assistant was based on experience, either by post-graduate year of the resident or number of cases previously performed by the assistant. Five studies reported significant, shorter operative times with increasing experience of the bedside assistant. No study reported a significant difference in postoperative outcomes. The existing literature fails to show improved patient outcomes with more experienced bedside assistants in robotic surgery. Metrics should be developed to measure actual technical performance of the bedside assistant rather than using arbitrary assessments of experience in future studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-718
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Robotic Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2023


  • Bedside assistant
  • Outcomes
  • Robotic surgery
  • Skill

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Health Informatics


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