The Drosophila ortholog of the human XPG gene

Jean François Houle, Errol C. Friedberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group G ( XPG) protein is a junction-specific endonuclease which is indispensable for nucleotide excision repair (NER) of DNA in eukaryotes. Recent studies have hinted at a second, essential function for the XPG protein in higher eukaryotes. We undertook a comparison of the amino acid sequences of multiple XPG orthologs to determine if a motif or domain could be identified that is conserved uniquely in higher eukaryotes. A search of current databases allowed us to retrieve complete amino acid sequences for the human, mouse and Xenopus XPG proteins, and for two yeast orthologs. We also identified an incomplete Drosophila open reading frame (ORF) that was a good candidate for the XPG protein. We cloned a complete Drosophila cDNA for this ORF and examination of the primary amino acid sequence suggests that this cDNA encodes the Drosophila ortholog of XPG. A comparison of all six orthologous polypeptides reveals the presence of two previously unidentified conserved domains. One of these is unique to all four higher eukaryotic sequences. Conceivably this domain evolved to support the essential function of XPG protein. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-360
Number of pages8
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 8 1999


  • DNA repair
  • Endonuclease
  • Essential genes
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics


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