T cell fate following Salmonella infection is determined by a STING-IRF1 signaling axis in mice

Sung Moo Park, Tatsushi Omatsu, Yun Zhao, Naohiro Yoshida, Pankaj Shah, Rachid Zagani, Hans Christian Reinecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The innate immune response following infection with entero-invasive bacterial species is triggered upon release of cyclic di-guanylate monophosphate (c-di-GMP) into the host cell cytosol. Bacterial c-di-GMP activates the intracellular Sensor Stimulator of Interferon Genes (STING), encoded by Tmem173 in mice. Here we identify Interferon Regulatory Factor (IRF) 1 as a critical effector of STING-mediated microbial DNA sensing that is responsible for TH17 cell generation in the mucosal immune system. We find that STING activation induces IRF1-dependent transcriptional programs in dendritic cells (DCs) that define T cell fate determination, including induction of Gasdermin D, IL-1 family member cytokines, and enzymes for eicosanoid synthesis. Our results show that IRF1-dependent transcriptional programs in DCs are a prerequisite for antigen-specific TH17 subspecification in response to microbial c-di-GMP and Salmonella typhimurium infection. Our identification of a STING-IRF1 signaling axis for adaptive host defense control will aid further understanding of infectious disease mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number464
JournalCommunications Biology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)


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