Synthesis of delta 2-isopentenyl tRNA from mevalonate in cultured human fibroblasts.

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75 Scopus citations


Human fibroblasts are shown to incorporate [3H]-mevalonolactone into 3H-labeled delta 2-isopentenyl tRNA. This incorporation was observed in cells that were incubated with compactin (ML-236B), an inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme. A reductase that blocks mevalonate production by cells. When incubated with low concentrations of [3H]mevalonolactone in the presence of compactin and in the absence of exogenous cholesterol, the cells incorporated small amounts of [3H]mevalonolactone into delta 2-isopentenyl tRNA and large amounts into cholesterol. In the presence of low density lipoprotein, which serves as a source of cholesterol, the incorporation of [3H]mevalonolactone into cholesterol was reduced by 90% and the incorporation into delta 2-isopentenyl tRNA was stimulated by 10-fold. Thus, cultured mammalian cells are now known to use mevalonate for synthesis of three nonsterol products, ubiquinone, dolichol, and delta 2-isopentenyl tRNA, as well as for synthesis of cholesterol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6546-6548
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 25 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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