Because of the importance of lacZ gene in various applications ranging from molecular biology to clinical trials, the development of non-invasive bimodal techniques for improving precision and accuracy to assay gene expression has attracted much attention. In this paper, we propose a dual-function probe for synergistic combination of 19F-MRS/1H-MRI to simultaneously detect β-gal activity. Based on this strategy, we have designed, synthesized and characterized a series of 19F-MRS/ 1H-MRI reporters, and demonstrated the feasibility of 1-O-(β-d-galactopyranosyl)-3-fluorocatechol MGD-3-FCAT for assessing β-gal activity in solution and in vitro with lacZ transfected tumor cells as well, by the characterization of β-gal responsive 19F- chemical shift changes ΔδF, hydrolytic kinetics, and T1, T2 relaxation mapping.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Chemistry