Structural determinants for the ouabain-stimulated increase in Na-K ATPase activity

Syed J. Khundmiri, Sarah A. Salyer, Brandon Farmer, Natia Qipshidze-Kelm, Rebecca D. Murray, Barbara J. Clark, Zijian Xie, Thomas A. Pressley, Eleanor D. Lederer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Recent studies suggest that at low concentrations, ouabain increases Na-K ATPase and NHE1 activity and activates the Src signaling cascade in proximal tubule cells. Our laboratory demonstrated that low concentrations of ouabain increase blood pressure in rats. We hypothesize that ouabain-induced increase in blood pressure and Na-K ATPase activity requires NHE1 activity and association. To test this hypothesis we treated rats with ouabain (1μgkg body wt-1day-1) for 9days in the presence or absence of the NHE1 inhibitor, zoniporide. Ouabain stimulated a significant increase in blood pressure which was prevented by zoniporide. Using NHE1-expressing Human Kidney cells 2 (HK2), 8 (HK8) and 11 (HK11) and Mouse Kidney cells from Wild type (WT) and NHE1 knock-out mice (SWE) cell lines, we show that ouabain stimulated Na-K ATPase activity and surface expression in a Src-dependent manner in NHE1-expressing cells but not in NHE1-deplete cells. Zoniporide prevented ouabain-induced stimulation of 86Rb uptake in the NHE1-expressing cells. FRET and TIRF microscopy showed that ouabain increased association between GFP-NHE1 and mCherry-Na-K ATPase transfected into NHE1-deficient SWE cells. Mutational analysis demonstrated that the caveolin binding motif (CBM) of Na-K ATPase α1 is required for translocation of both Na-K ATPase α1 and NHE1 to the basolateral membrane. Mutations in activity or scaffold domains of NHE1 resulted in loss of ouabain-mediated regulation of Na-K ATPase. These results support that NHE1 is required for the ouabain-induced increase in blood pressure, and that the caveolin binding motif of Na-K ATPase α1 as well as the activity and scaffolding domains of NHE1 are required for their functional association.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1089-1102
Number of pages14
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Blood pressure
  • NHE1
  • Na-K ATPase
  • Ouabain
  • Src kinase
  • TIRF microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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