Objective: To compare newborn outcomes and costs of hospital stays for twins born to mothers receiving care in a specialized twin clinic with a research-based care protocol and one consistent caregiver versus twins whose mothers received standard prenatal care. DESIGN AND SETTING: A retrospective, historical cohort study conducted in a high-risk obstetric clinic in central Texas. PATIENTS: Thirty women pregnant with twins received specialized care. The comparison group consisted of 41 women pregnant with twins who received standard care. INTERVENTIONS: An advanced practice nurse provided prenatal care, which included weekly clinic visits, home visits, and 24-hour availability for phone support. OUTCOME MEASURES: Gestational age at birth, birth weight, length of stay in the neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU), and hospital charges for the newborns. RESULTS: No newborns of less than 30 weeks gestation were born to women in the specialized care group, the mean birth weight was 249 g (SD +/- 77) higher, days in the NICU were reduced from a mean of 17 to 7, and hospital charges were $30,000 less per infant. CONCLUSIONS: Newborn outcomes were improved and length of stay and hospital charges were significantly reduced for newborns whose mothers had received care in the specialized twin clinic.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG|
|State||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care
- Maternity and Midwifery