Special Considerations in Pediatric Assessment

Heakyung Kim, Mi Ran Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Pediatric spasticity management requires special consideration because of continuous growth and underlying medical complications due to upper motor neuron disease. Early intervention, regular follow-up, and management of spasticity are critical to improve function and prevent musculoskeletal complications, functional deterioration, and the development of pain. Thorough history taking along with comprehensive medical evaluation and physical examination by practitioners with knowledge about spasticity are important clues for spasticity management in addition to thorough history taking and review of current medications. This article reviews the rationale of early intervention and continuum of care, basic physical examination, and therapeutic options for spasticity management and spasticity's aggravating factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-471
Number of pages17
JournalPhysical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Cerebral palsy
  • Pediatric
  • Physical examination
  • Prevention
  • Secondary complication
  • Spasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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