An intimate link exists between circadian clocks and metabolism with nearly every metabolic pathway in the mammalian liver under circadian control. Circadian regulation of metabolism is largely driven by rhythmic transcriptional activation of clock-controlled genes. Among these output genes, Nocturnin (Noct) has one of the highest amplitude rhythms at the mRNA level. The Noct gene encodes a protein (NOC) that is highly conserved with the endonuclease/exonuclease/phosphatase (EEP) domain-containing CCR4 family of deadenylases, but highly purified NOC possesses little or no ribonuclease activity. Here, we show that NOC utilizes the dinucleotide NADP(H) as a substrate, removing the 2' phosphate to generate NAD(H), and is a direct regulator of oxidative stress response through its NADPH 2' phosphatase activity. Furthermore, we describe two isoforms of NOC in the mouse liver. The cytoplasmic form of NOC is constitutively expressed and associates externally with membranes of other organelles, including the endoplasmic reticulum, via N-terminal glycine myristoylation. In contrast, the mitochondrial form of NOC possesses high-amplitude circadian rhythmicity with peak expression level during the early dark phase. These findings suggest that NOC regulates local intracellular concentrations of NADP(H) in a manner that changes over the course of the day.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jan 14 2020|
- Oxidative stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas