Background: Brigatinib, a second generation anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), is central nervous system (CNS) penetrant and active against anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) resistance mutations. We prospectively studied the activity of brigatinib in patients with disease progression after second generation ALK TKIs. Methods: Patients with stage IIIB/IV ALK + non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and progressive disease after second ALK TKIs were eligible. Cohort A enrolled patients with disease progression on any second ALK TKI, cohort B enrolled patients with disease progression after first-line therapy with alectinib, and cohort C enrolled patients who experienced disease progression on standard dose brigatinib. Brigatinib treatment was 90 mg daily for seven days and then escalated to 180 mg daily in cohorts A and B, and 240 mg daily in cohort C. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR), and a 2-stage design was used. The intended enrollment was 20 patients in stage 1, and 20 patients in stage 2. Results: The study was closed due to slow accrual. Between March 2017 and June 2020, 32 patients received study therapy; three patients in cohort A moved to cohort C after initial progression for a total of 35 study subjects. Of the 32 patients, 16 (50%) were male, the median age was 55 years (range 32–76), and patients received a median number of 2 prior ALK TKI's (range 1–3). Cohort A enrolled 27 patients, cohort B enrolled four patients, and cohort C enrolled four patients. The ORR in cohorts A, B, and C was 33% (95% confidence interval (CI: 16% to 54%), 25% (95% CI: 0.63% to 81%), and 0%, respectively. Conclusion: Brigatinib has activity in ALK positive NSCLC patients with disease progression after second generation ALK TKIs.
- Liquid biopsy
- Targeted therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cancer Research