Resolving gastroesophageal reflux with laparoscopic fundoplication: Findings in 138 cases

P. L. Leggett, R. Churchman-Winn, C. Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of 138 cases of gastroesophageal reflux disease resolved laparoscopically with the Rossetti modification of the Nissen fundoplication and to compare them with findings from other studies in an effort to evaluate the procedure's ability to transfer from an academic setting to a community hospital setting. Methods: We performed laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication on 138 patients and followed them for up to 45 months. Measures included postoperative reflux persistence, complications, operating time, length of hospital stay, and others. These findings were compared, using the Fisher's exact test, chi-square test, and the two-sample t-test, with results from other studies using open and laparoscopic procedures. Results: No patient undergoing laparoscopic fundoplication experienced gastroesophageal reflux after surgery. Complications, not statistically significantly different from those in other studies, occurred in 15 (10.9%), and conversion to an open procedure was required in two (1.5%). The most common postoperative complaint has been dysphagia (21.7%). Operative time averaged 70.6 min, decreasing from an average of 236 min for the first 10 cases to 40.8 min for the last 10. This measure was statistically significantly lower than all other operative times to which it was compared, except one to which it was almost identical (69.9 min). Length of stay (LOS) averaged 2.3 days, ranging from a low of 7 h to a high of 9 days, which made it fall well within limits set by other studies. Overall, LOS fell from a 3.0-day average for the first 20 cases to a 1.9-day average for the last 20 cases. Conclusions: Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication resolved gastroesophageal reflux in all 138 patients, and measures for complications, operating time, and LOS were well within values reported by other studies, indicating the ability of this procedure to be successfully transferred from academic medical centers to the community hospital setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-147
Number of pages6
JournalSurgical Endoscopy
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1998


  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Laparoscopic surgery
  • Nissen fundoplication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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