Resident Engagement in a Wellness Program in a Large Academic Residency: A Follow-Up After Two Years of Wellness

Erika Bisgaard, Audra Clark, Caitlin Hester, Rebecca Napier, Jennifer L. Grant, Shannon Scielzo, Kareem Abdelfattah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


INTRODUCTION: The rate of burnout among residents has reached an alarming level and negatively impacts learning, attrition, and patient care. We implemented a comprehensive Surgery Resident Wellness Program in a large academic program and aimed to assess the degree this initiative improved resident burnout based on validated burnout and well-being models utilizing voluntary surveys. Materials and Methods: A voluntary survey was sent to surgical residents and included the Maslach Burnout Inventory and The Psychological General Well-Being Index. These were graded according to the respective validated scale for each test. The survey was administered prior to establishing a wellness program, and at 6 month- and 24 month-intervals following its establishment. These data were analyzed using univariate analysis based on survey data from each of the time points. RESULTS: The survey had a 51% response rate. The baseline, 6-month, and 24-month mean scores for MBI personal accomplishment were 32.80, 32.91, and 35.57, emotional exhaustion was 23.48, 23.0, and 24.42, and depersonalization were 10.94, 9.54, and 11.11. Resident burnout was present in 16 of 31 (51.61%), 14 of 33 (42.42%), and 12 of 27 (44.44%) residents at each time point. The rate of change in resident burnout was –17.8% at 6 months and -13.9% at 24 months. The averaged PGWBI global scores were 66, 73, and 83 among the participants who took the survey at each time interval. CONCLUSIONS: Conclusion Implementation of a structured wellness program was associated with a decrease in resident burnout and an increase in overall resident wellness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1430-1437
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021


  • Burnout
  • General Surgery
  • Resident Wellness
  • Surgical Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Education


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