Regulatory segments of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinases

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21 Scopus citations


Catalytic cores of skeletal and smooth muscle myosin light chain kinases and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II are regulated intrasterically by different regulatory segments containing autoinhibitory and calmodulin-binding sequences. The functional properties of these regulatory segments were examined in chimeric kinases containing either the catalytic core of skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase or Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II with different regulatory segments. Recognition of protein substrates by the catalytic core of skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase was altered with the regulatory segment of protein kinase II but not with smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase. Similarly, the catalytic properties of the protein kinase II were altered with regulatory segments from either myosin light chain kinase. All chimeric kinases were dependent on Ca2+/calmodulin for activity. The apparent Ca2+/calmodulin activation constant was similarly low with all chimeras containing the skeletal muscle catalytic core. The activation constant was greater with chimeric kinases containing the catalytic core of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II with its endogenous or myosin light chain kinase regulatory segments. Thus, heterologous regulatory segments affect substrate recognition and kinase activity. Furthermore, the sensitivity to calmodulin activation is determined primarily by the respective catalytic cores, not the calmodulin-binding sequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8951-8957
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number15
StatePublished - Apr 10 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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