Regionally specific modulation of brain apolipoprotein E in the mouse during the estrous cycle and by exogenous 17β estradiol

R. G. Struble, E. R. Rosario, M. L. Kircher, S. M. Ludwig, P. J. McAdamis, K. Watabe, M. E. McAsey, C. Cady, B. P. Nathan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Studies have suggested that 17β estradiol (E2) can modify apolipoprotein E (apoE) expression. The current study determined if apoE protein varied in different regions of the mouse brain as a function of the estrous cycle and if E2 could increase apoE protein expression. In this study apoE concentration was lowest on estrus in the hippocampus, cingulate cortex and frontal cortex. In contrast, apoE concentration was highest on estrus in the olfactory bulb and cerebellum. There were no differences in the striatal apoE expression throughout the estrous cycle. Exogenous E2 significantly raised tissue levels of apoE in the olfactory bulb and cerebellum at 5 days after treatment. There was a slight, but nonsignificant increase in cortical expression of apoE and no change in striatum. Immunocytochemical localization studies found estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) in cortical neurons and glia. In the cerebellum and olfactory bulb, ERβ was seen primarily in glia. ERα was not observed in the cerebellum and was rare in the olfactory bulb. Neither ERα nor ERβ was seen in the striatum. Our data show regional differences in the production of apoE throughout the estrous cycle. In addition, exogenous E2 has regionally specific effects on apoE expression. Regional variability in apoE production appears to vary as a function of the estrogen receptor subtype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)638-644
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Neurology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • ApoE, estrogen
  • Cerebellum
  • Estradiol
  • Estrous cycle
  • Hippocampus
  • Immunocytochemistry
  • Mouse
  • Neocortex
  • Olfactory bulb
  • Ovariectomy
  • Western blotting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience


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