Pyriform augmentation as an ancillary procedure in facial rejuvenation surgery

Joel E. Pessa, Marcus L. Peterson, Jon W. Thompson, C. Spencer Cohran, Jaime R. Garza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


A patient is presented in whom augmentation of the pyriform aperture of the maxilla was performed with porous hydroxyapatite in concert with a face and brow lift. Basic research has recently shown that remodeling of the facial skeleton continues throughout life and that this remodeling process leads to changes in the position of several key areas. The pyriform aperture was identified as one region that remodels in a posterior direction, leading to retrusion of the alar base in the older individual. This skeletal retrusion occurs in a very site-specific fashion, and its effects are reflected on the overlying soft tissues of the face. With aging, remodeling of the pyriform aperture posteriorly causes the alar base to appear recessed and decreases the nasolabial angle, changes that are noted on the profile of the older individual. Augmentation of the pyriform aperture can be achieved through a buccal sulcus incision and, when used in conjunction with standard facial rejuvenation procedures, can improve the overall result in facial cosmetic surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)683-686
Number of pages4
JournalPlastic and reconstructive surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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