Purinergic Receptors in Ocular Ciliary Epithelial Cells

Martin Wax, Darshak M. Sanghavi, Catherine H. Lee, Milan Kapadia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Adenosine and ATP have been shown to activate separate cell surface purinergic receptors which have been designated P1 for adenosine and P2 for ATP. The pharmacological characterization of P1 and P2 purinergic receptor-mediated signal transduction has been performed in cultured cell lines of the ciliary epithelium. In ODM Clone-2, a cell line derived from human nonpigmented ciliary epithelium (NPE) and in a clone derived from bovine pigmented ciliary epithelium (PE), we observed that adenosine inhibits adenylate cyclase activity at high potency (nM) and stimulates adenylate cyclase activity at low potency (μM) suggesting the presence of P1 subtypes on these cell membranes. The selective agonist cyclopentyladenosine (CPA) was effective at inhibiting forskolin-stimulated adenylate cyclase in these cells. The IC50 for CPA in both NPE and PE was approximately 1 nM in the absence, and 11 nM in the presence of 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX). In NPE, the selective agonist 2-[p-(2-carboxyethyl)phenethylamino]-5’-N-ethylcarboxamido adenosine (CGS 21680) stimulated adenylyl cyclase with an EC50 of 11 ± 4 nM in the presence of 4-(3-butoxy-4-methyoxybenzyl)-2-imidazolidinone (RO-20-1724), a phosphodiesterase inhibitor devoid of adenosine receptor antagonism, and 61 ± 8 μM in the presence of IBMX. In PE cells, EC50 value of RO-20-1724 was 19 ± 5 nM (n = 3). The characterization of P2 receptors based upon the ability of ATP and its related analogues to stimulate inositol phosphate production reveal the presence of a putative P2U, receptor in both cell types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Eye Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1993


  • ATP
  • Adenylyl cyclase
  • Ciliary epithelia
  • Phosphoinositide hydrolysis
  • Purinergic receptors
  • UTP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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