Purification and characterization of Rad3 ATPase/DNA helicase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae

I. Harosh, L. Naumovski, E. C. Friedberg

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46 Scopus citations


The Rad3 ATPase/DNA helicase was purified to physical homogeneity from extracts of yeast cells containing overexpressed Rad3 protein. The DNA helicase can unwind duplex regions as short as 11 base pairs in a partially duplex circular DNA substrate and does so by a strictly processive mechanism. On partially duplex linear substrates, the enzyme has a strict 5'→3' polarity with respect to the single strand to which it binds. Nicked circular DNA is not utilized as a substrate, and the enzyme requires single-stranded gaps between 5 and 21 nucleotides long to unwind oligonucleotide fragments from partially duplex linear molecules. The enzyme also requires duplex regions at least 11 base pairs long when these are present at the ends of linear molecules. Rad3 DNA helicase activity is inhibited by the presence of ultraviolet-induced photoproducts in duplex regions of partially duplex circular molecules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20532-20539
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number34
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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