PT3 Substaging is a prognostic indicator for lymph node negative urothelial carcinoma of the bladder

Derya Tilki, Robert S. Svatek, Pierre I. Karakiewicz, Giacomo Novara, Michael Seitz, Guru Sonpavde, Amit Gupta, Wassim Kassouf, Yves Fradet, Vincenzo Ficarra, Eila Skinner, Yair Lotan, Arthur I Sagalowsky, Christian G. Stief, Oliver Reich, Shahrokh F. Shariat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Purpose: We assessed the prognostic value of pT3 bladder urothelial carcinoma substaging. Materials and Methods: We reviewed the records of 2,605 patients treated with radical cystectomy for bladder urothelial carcinoma at 6 international centers, of whom 808 (31.0%) had pT3 disease. No patient received systemic chemotherapy or radiotherapy preoperatively. Median followup was 45 months in survivors at last followup. Results: Median patient age was 68 years. Stage was pT3a in 310 patients (38.4%) and pT3b in 498 (61.6%). Of the patients 352 (43.6%) had metastasis to regional lymph nodes. Five-year recurrence-free (43.8% and 41.4%) and cancer specific (48.6% and 46.8%) survival estimates were similar in pT3a and pT3b cases (p = 0.277 and 0.625, respectively). Conversely in patients with pathologically negative lymph nodes pT3b substaging was associated with worse 5-year recurrence-free (60.7% vs 47.9%) and cancer specific (64.4% vs 55.0%) survival (p = 0.020 vs 0.048). Conclusions: Macroscopic perivesical fat extension (pT3b) is associated with a worse outcome than pT3a disease in lymph node negative cases of bladder urothelial carcinoma. Together with other features pT3 substaging may help identify patients with pT3 who could benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)470-474
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 17 2010


  • carcinoma
  • mortality
  • neoplasm staging
  • urinary bladder
  • urothelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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