Prognostic factors for gastrointestinal and bronchopulmonary carcinoid tumors

Raymond S. Greenberg, Deborah A. Baumgarten, W. Scott Clark, Peter Isacson, Kathleen McKeen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Data collected by population‐based cancer registries in Iowa and metropolitan Atlanta were evaluated to determine prognostic factors for gastrointestinal (n = 270) and bronchopulmonary (n = 151) carcinoids. The predictors considered in univariate and multivariate analyses were: age, sex, race, marital status, anatomic subsite, stage, occurrence of other malignancies, and surgery. For surgically treated gastrointestinal tumors, the cumulative percentages of survivors at five years were: appendix, 85.6%; small intestine, 66.0%; and large intestine, 37.7%. The likelihood of death from gastrointestinal carcinoids was found to be related independently to increasing age (P = 0.001), advanced stage (P < 0.0001), location within the large intestine (P < 0.0001), and occurrence of another malignancy (P = 0.02). The overall five‐year survival rate for bronchopulmonary carcinoids was 87.6%, and lack of surgical treatment (P < 0.0001) and advanced stage (P = 0.006) were associated independently with unfavorable prognosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2476-2483
Number of pages8
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 15 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


Dive into the research topics of 'Prognostic factors for gastrointestinal and bronchopulmonary carcinoid tumors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this