Predictors of ventricular pacing burden after permanent pacemaker implantation following transcatheter aortic valve replacement

Mohammed Elzeneini, Yazan Assaf, Seyed Hossein Aalaei-Andabili, Ahmad Mahmoud, Robert Hamburger, Ramil Goel, Anthony A. Bavry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background: In the era of an expanding use of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), conduction disturbances and the requirement for permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation remains a clinical concern. Hypothesis: Using a single-center experience, we sought to identify predictors of ventricular pacing burden after TAVR in patients who required PPM implantation. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 359 consecutive patients with symptomatic severe aortic valve stenosis who underwent TAVR at our institution between September 2013 and July 2019. Thirty patients (8.4%) required a PPM within 30 days after TAVR. Pre and post-TAVR electrocardiograms, pre-TAVR echocardiograms and computed tomography (CT), TAVR procedural details and post-TAVR device interrogation records at 1, 3, and 6 months were reviewed. Results: Mean percentage of ventricular pacing (VP%) at 1, 3, and 6 months was 58%, 59%, and 56% respectively. Using univariate logistic regression analysis, patients who had low VP% < 5% at 6 months were more likely to have a prosthesis/echocardiography-derived left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) diameter ratio < 1.3 (OR 7.00, P-value.048), prosthesis/CT-derived aortic annulus diameter ratio < 1.02 (OR 7.11, P-value.047), post-TAVR new-onset LBBB (OR 16.80, P-value.019), time to PPM implantation greater than 2 days post-TAVR (OR 9.38, P-value.026) and pre-TAVR use of a beta blocker (OR 9.40, P-value.026). Conclusions: In patients who required a PPM implantation post-TAVR, a lower TAVR prosthesis/LVOT or aortic annulus diameter ratio, post-TAVR new-onset LBBB and later time of PPM implantation showed a trend toward predicting a low VP% at 6 months.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1334-1342
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Cardiology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • pacemaker dependency
  • pacemaker independency
  • transcatheter aortic valve replacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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