The aim of this study was to assess the significance of post-operative troponin levels as a surrogate for left ventricular (LV) dysfunction measured by global longitudinal strain (GLS) in patients with dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) who undergo an arterial switch operation (ASO), and to explore the LV GLS recovery in the mid-term follow-up period. Seventy-eight neonates were included, of whom 41 had troponin-I measurements and 37 had troponin-T measurements. The primary outcome of LV GLS was assessed and compared with healthy controls at the pre-operative stage and time of discharge, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months of age. Secondary outcomes included deaths or transplantations and other clinical markers such as length of hospital stay. D-TGA patients had worse LV GLS post-operatively compared to age-matched controls (p < 0.01) which improved by 12 months of age (p = 0.53). No association was found between changes in troponin-I or troponin-T levels and LV GLS at the time of discharge (r = 0.4, p = 0.64 and r = -0.5, p = 0.91, respectively). In addition, there were no deaths or transplantations in this cohort over a period of 12 months. LV GLS appears to worsen in the early post-operative period for d-TGA patients who undergo neonatal ASO but this recovers through the first post-operative year. Troponin levels have limited value in predicting early or midterm LV dysfunction and recovery.
- Congenital heart disease
- Dextro-transposition of the great arteries
- Longitudinal strain
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine