Objective: To determine whether size of the piriformis muscle, as characterized by either the coronal width or a segmented volume, correlates with outcomes after CT-guided injections. Materials and methods: A consecutive series of 81 patients with piriformis syndrome received CT-guided injections of the sciatic nerve and piriformis muscle. Volume and thickness measurements of the piriformis were taken from T1W and T2W pre-injection images by two readers. A logistic regression was used to test volume and size effect on first injection response. A cox proportional hazards model was used to evaluate pain-free survival. Identical analyses were performed to test the effects of muscle mass abnormality, nerve abnormality, body mass index, and presence of a split sciatic nerve. Results: There were 15/94 negative responses, 31/94 possible positive responses, and 48/94 positive responses to CT-guided injection. The average pain-free survival time was 38.91 ± 64.43 days. There was no significant correlation of first injection responses with muscle thickness or volume. There was no significant correlation in pain-free survival for muscle thickness or volume. There was no significant correlation in first injection response or pain-free survival with body mass index, muscle abnormalities, nerve abnormalities, or split sciatic nerves. The intraclass correlation was excellent between the two readers for both muscle volume (0.95–0.98) and thickness (0.92–0.97). Conclusion: Piriformis muscle volume or thickness did not significantly correlate with post-injection outcome (first injection response and pain-free survival). Thus, if the patient has clinical symptoms of piriformis syndrome, the size of muscle should not determine whether injection is advisable.
- CT-guided injection
- MR neurography
- Piriformis syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging