Pharmacologic Approaches to Composite Tissue Allograft

Julio A. Clavijo-Alvarez, Giselle G. Hamad, Aurèle Taieb, W. P.Andrew Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


This article discusses the pharmacologic approaches and the most promising new compounds for composite tissue allograft tolerance. Although some approaches rely on a combination of immunosuppressive agents that act synergistically against rejection, other strategies use immunologic manipulation, including major histocompatibility complex matching, induction of chimerism, and use of monoclonal antibodies to abrogate the immune response. There is still a need, however, to reproduce these findings in species phylogenetically closer to humans. This may be the target of future research efforts, which may overcome the challenge of limb and face transplant rejection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)104-118
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Hand Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Composite
  • allograft
  • pharmacology
  • review
  • tissue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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