Background: Children with B-Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) are at risk for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). Children's Oncology Group AALL0932 randomized reduction in vincristine and dexamethasone (every 4 weeks vs 12 weeks during maintenance in the average-risk subset of National Cancer Institute standard-B-ALL (SR AR B-ALL). We longitudinally measured CIPN, overall and by treatment group. Methods: AALL0932 standard-B-ALL patients aged 3 years and older were evaluated at T1-T4 (end consolidation, maintenance month 1, maintenance month 18, 12 months posttherapy). Physical and occupational therapists (PT/OT) measured motor CIPN (hand and ankle strength, dorsiflexion and plantarflexion range of motion), sensory CIPN (finger and toe vibration and touch), function (dexterity [Purdue Pegboard], and walking efficiency [Six-Minute Walk]). Proxy-reported function (Pediatric Outcome Data Collection Instrument) and quality of life (Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory) were assessed. Age-and sex-matched z scores and proportion impaired were measured longitudinally and compared between groups. Results: Consent and data were obtained from 150 participants (mean age = 5.1 years [SD = 1.7], 48.7% female). Among participants with completed evaluations, 81.8% had CIPN at T1 (74.5% motor, 34.1% sensory). When examining severity of PT/OT outcomes, only handgrip strength (P <. 001) and walking efficiency (P =. 02) improved from T1-T4, and only dorsiflexion range of motion (46.7% vs 14.7%; P =. 008) and handgrip strength (22.2% vs 37.1%; P =. 03) differed in vincristine and dexamethasone every 4 weeks vs vincristine and dexamethasone 12 weeks at T4. Proxy-reported outcomes improved from T1 to T4 (P <. 001), and most did not differ between groups. Conclusions: CIPN is prevalent early in B-ALL therapy and persists at least 12 months posttherapy. Most outcomes did not differ between treatment groups despite reduction in vincristine frequency. Children with B-ALL should be monitored for CIPN, even with reduced vincristine frequency.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research