Background: Advances in the molecular biology of tumor metastasis have paralleled the evolution in the management of metastatic disease from colorectal cancer. In this review, we summarize the current understanding of the mechanism of colorectal cancer metastases, in particular that of peritoneal metastases, as well as clinical data on the treatment of this disease. Methods: A review of relevant English literature using MEDLINE/PubMed on the biology of colorectal cancer metastases, determinants of oligometastasis, and use of cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer is presented. Results: Recognition of oligometastasis in the evolution of colorectal peritoneal metastases provides the theoretical framework for which cytoreductive surgery with or without hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy is considered. Clearly, a subset of patients benefit from peritoneal metastasectomy. Conclusion: Advances in cancer biology and clinical imaging promise to expand the role of cytoreductive surgery with or without intraperitoneal chemotherapy in the management of peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2020|
- Colorectal cancer
- Peritoneal metastases
ASJC Scopus subject areas