Peripheral arterial disease in hemodialysis access

Kanwar Singh, Matthew E. Anderson, Anil Kumar Pillai, Sanjeeva P. Kalva

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a major health concern and its incidence increases with age. End stage renal disease is a major risk factor for developing PAD and is associated with a remarkably high incidence of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality [1]. In patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD), the estimated prevalence of PAD ranges between 17 and 48% [2, 3]. Data on the prevalence of clinically significant upper extremity PAD are scarce, however, a 10-20 fold lower incidence may be appreciated compared to that affecting the lower extremity [4].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDialysis Access Management
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9783319090931, 9783319090924
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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