Typically, late infantile neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinosis (LINCL) patients present between the ages of 2 and 4 years with progressive dementia, blindness, seizures, and motor dysfunction. Curvilinear profiles are seen on electron microscopic examination of tissues derived from those patients. Data were collected on 122 LINCL cases, representing 81 independent families, diagnosed on the basis of age of onset, clinical symptomatology, and pathologic findings. Careful analysis of our data has revealed that 20% of these cases (24 of 122) show either an atypical clinical course or atypical pathologic findings and may represent variants of LINCL. Recent progress in the biochemistry and molecular genetics of NCL has led us to reevaluate these atypical cases. Five atypical LINCL cases (representing three independent families) manifested granular inclusions when examined by electron microscopy, a finding normally associated with the infantile form of NCL. In addition, these five cases did not show elevated subunit c levels in urine (typically seen in LINCL). In these five cases, palmitoyl-protein thioesterase activity was found to be deficient (less than 10% normal activity), suggesting that these cases represent INCL, presenting at a later age of onset. These findings Current Therapy and New Perspectives in the Treatment of Medulloblastoma suggest that palmitoyl-protein thioesterase deficiency is not restricted to infantile onset cases, and they raise the possibility that milder forms of INCL may result from less deleterious mutations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience
- Clinical Neurology