Oral Anticancer Agent (OAA) Adherence and Survival in Elderly Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma (mRCC)

Michaela A. Dinan, Lauren E. Wilson, Melissa A. Greiner, Lisa P. Spees, Jessica E. Pritchard, Tian Zhang, Deborah Kaye, Daniel George, Charles D. Scales, Chris D. Baggett, Cary P. Gross, Michael S. Leapman, Stephanie B. Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective: To examine real-world adherence to oral anticancer agents (OAAs) and its association with outcomes among Medicare beneficiaries with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Methods: SEER-Medicare retrospective cohort study of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) who received an OAA between 2007 and 2015. We examined A) adherence and B) overall and disease-specific 2-year survival landmarked at 3 months after OAA initiation. Adherence was assessed by calculating the proportion of days covered (PDC) within 3 months of OAA initiation, with adherent use being defined as PDC > 80%. Results: A total of 905 patients met study criteria, of whom 445 patients (49.2%) were categorized as adherent to initial OAA treatment. Adjusting for clinical and demographic factors revealed decreased odds of adherence associated with living within an impoverished neighborhood (OR 0.49, CI 0.0.33 – 0.74) and out-of-pocket costs > $200 (OR 0.68, CI 0.47-.98). Adherence was associated with improved 2-year survival in univariate analysis (logrank test, P = .01) and a non-significant trend toward an association with decreased all-cause (HR 0.87, CI 0.72 – 1.05) and RCC-specific survival (HR 0.84, CI 0.69 – 1.03) in multivariable analysis. Conclusion: Local poverty levels and high out-of-pocket costs are associated with poor initial adherence to OAA therapy in Medicare beneficiaries with mRCC, which in turn, suggests a trend toward poor overall and disease-specific survival. Efforts to improve outcomes in the broader mRCC population should incorporate OAA adherence and economic factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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