Cdc42GAP promotes inactivation of Cdc42, a small GTPase whose activation at the leading edge by guanine nucleotide exchange factors is critical for cell migration. How Cdc42GAP is regulated to ensure proper levels of active Cdc42 is poorly understood. Here we show that Nudel, a cytoplasmic dynein regulator, competes with Cdc42 for binding Cdc42GAP. Consequently, Nudel can inhibit Cdc42GAP-mediated inactivation of Cdc42 in a dose-dependent manner. Both Nudel and Cdc42GAP exhibit leading-edge localization in migrating cells. The localization of Nudel requires its phosphorylation by Erk1/2. Depleting Nudel by RNAi or overexpression of a nonphosphorylatable mutant abolishes Cdc42 activation and cell migration. Our data thus uncover Nudel as a regulator of Cdc42 during cell migration. Nudel facilitates cell migration by sequestering Cdc42GAP at the leading edge to stabilize active Cdc42 in response to extracellular stimuli. Excess active Cdc42 may in turn control its own activity by recruiting Cdc42GAP from Nudel.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Developmental Biology
- Cell Biology