Nonsurgical management of idiopathic clubfoot.

Kenneth J. Noonan, B. Stephens Richards

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Because nonsurgical management was thought not to yield adequate correction and a durable result, most children with idiopathic clubfoot have undergone surgery with extensive posteromedial and lateral release. However, surgical management caused residual deformity, stiffness, and pain in some children; thus, the favorable long-term results with the Ponseti and French methods of nonsurgical management have garnered interest. The Ponseti method consists of manipulation and casting of idiopathic clubfeet; the French method consists of physiotherapy, taping, and continuous passive motion. Careful evaluation of the techniques and results of these two approaches may increase their use and decrease or minimize the use of surgical management and thus the associated morbidity resulting from extensile releases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)392-402
Number of pages11
JournalThe Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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